Plasma treatments are a permanent and covalent substrate modification. However many references note diminishing effects of plasma treatments with time. One generalized conclusion is that the plasma modification is a temporary effect. This conclusion is not inherently accurate or applicable to all plasma and material systems. In truth there are many factors that govern the success and longevity of a plasma modification. Research in plasma lacks harmonization in equipment, setup/configuration, and material selection. These are key variables in a plasma modification. Results from one method may not necessarily translate well to another experimental setup or class of material. For this reason some engineering reviews of gas plasma do more to confound than to elucidate the scientific dialogue within industry.
Equipment design is of particular relevance in plasma industry. This includes but is not limited to the electrode configuration, matching, RF frequency, and equipment geometry. Many apparatus used in academia boast custom fabricated equipment or custom modification to existing tools. Their equipment exemplifies engineering capabilities. In my opinion the effectiveness of the equipment to a material system is specific and rarely generalizable to all materials or apparatus.
Plasma chemistry and substrate material should be matched correctly. Some polymer systems may be either resistant or sensitive to specific plasma chemistry. It is not enough to report gas, pressure, and power. A complete characterization should understand the plasma stoichiometry and a hypothesis of the surface interaction. Furthermore it must be accepted that many polymer systems are mobile, may swell with gas or moisture, or may undergo relaxation mechanisms. Therefore be careful to consider pairing a material system with appropriate plasma source and plasma chemistry.Recommend